Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action

The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (BPfA), often referred to simply as 'Beijing', is one of the key guiding documents on gender equality and women's empowerment. Adopted at the Fourth World Conference on Women in 1995, the BPfA outlines 12 "critical areas of concern" which are considered vital to the achievement of gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls. The BPfA requires all governments who have ratified the document to develop policies and national plans of action detailing which steps will be taken to implement the BPfA locally.

The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) monitors the implementation of the BPfA. Each year, the CSW adopts action-oriented recommendations in the form of agreed conclusions on one of the 12 critical areas of concern, and reviews progress on the implementation of agreed conclusions adopted in previous years.


A person whose gender identity is a combination of two genders; this is not necessarily reflected in their gender expression.


The fear of, discrimination against, or hatred towards people who are bisexual. Biphobia can be seen within the LGBTQI community, as well as in general society.


A sexual orientation whereby someone is aesthetically, romantically, sensually, and or sexually attracted to two genders. This attraction does not have to be equally split between these two genders, and there may be a preference for one gender over other. Note: some people identifying as bisexual explain this as attraction regardless of gender.