To ratify a treaty or contract means a person or state has officially endorsed it. It is a formal agreement that is often (but not always) legally binding.

Reproductive Health

In the ICPD Programme of Action, Reproductive Health (or RH) is described as ‘the complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters related to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes.’ Reproductive health therefore implies that people are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life, and that they have the capability to reproduce, and the freedom to decide if, when, and how often to do so. Implicit in this last condition is the right of all people to be informed about and have access to safe, effective, affordable, and acceptable methods of family planning of their choice, including  the full range of contraceptives and safe and legal abortion, and to have access to safe and reliable (post) maternal health care services. For reproductive health to be attained and maintained, the reproductive rights of all persons must be respected, protected and fulfilled.

Reproductive Rights

Reproductive Rights (RR) are the rights of all individuals, to attain the highest standard of reproductive health possible, and to decide freely over their own reproductive capacities without discrimination, coercion, or violence. Put more simply, reproductive rights are your rights relating to your reproductive health! For example, having access to scientifically accurate and reliable information surrounding your reproductive health, and having consistent access to sexual and reproductive health commodities and services (e.g. the full range of contraceptives and safe and legal abortion) are considered reproductive rights. Note that reproductive rights embrace certain human rights that are already recognized in national laws, international human rights documents and other consensus documents.

Right Here, Right Now (RHRN)

Right Here Right Now (RHRN) is a strategic partnership between CHOICE for Youth & Sexuality, Rutgers WPF, dance4life, Hivos, ARROW (the regional partner for Asia), IPPF-ARO (the regional partner for Africa), LACWHN (the regional partner for Latin America and the Caribbean), and the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. RHRN is implemented in ten countries in Asia (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Nepal and Pakistan), Africa (Kenya, Senegal, Uganda and Zimbabwe), and Latin America (Bolivia and Honduras) and one sub-region, the Caribbean. The RHRN program aims to strengthen the capacity and collaboration of civil society organizations (CSOs), including youth-led organizations, working on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) issues in Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean, to jointly advocate for young people’s SRHR issues at a national, regional, and international level. At the same time we aim to strengthen the connections between relevant national, regional and international advocacy processes to create a strong movement of CSOs, push for stronger SRHR outcomes for young people, and ensure greater accountability of governments and follow-up on the ground. RHRN will run from 2016 to 2020.


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Rights Holders

In a general sense because everyone has human rights, everyone is also a rights-holder, however, the term is used to refer to individuals or groups that have particular entitlements in relation to specific duty-bearers. Usually this term is used in contexts where groups of people do not have their rights recognized, fulfilled, or protected.

Rights, Evidence, Action (REA)

Rights, Evidence, Action is a program of CHOICE together with RNW Media (Love Matters) under the Amplify Change strategic grant.  This program is specifically targeted at improving the SRHR of young LGBT persons, and envisions ‘A world where the choices and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights of young people – including LGBT- are fulfilled, respected and celebrated’. The program runs in four countries: Kenya, Nigeria, Uganda and India. Love Matters and CHOICE aim for a unique collaboration, in which Love Matters uses their online network for engaging young people and advocacy purposes, while CHOICE works on international and national advocacy in Kenya, Uganda and India with partner organisations.


An alternative name for the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD), which took place in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) in June 2012 and resulted in the outcome document ‘The Future We Want’. The name ‘Rio+20’ is a reference to the original Earth Summit that took place in Rio in 1992.