The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were the world’s first global targets for international development. The MDGs aimed to halve extreme poverty, halt the spread of HIV, reduce child and maternal mortality, provide universal primary education, promote gender equality and empowerment, ensure environmental sustainability, and global partnership for development. The MDGs went into effect in the year 2000 and ended in 2015, when they were replaced with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).