Sometimes also known as female circumcision, Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) comprises a range of procedures from cutting, removing, or sewing closed all or part of the vulva for non-medical reasons. FGM/C is usually done without consent, and can have severe negative consequences on a person’s mental and physical health. For example, FGM/C is often performed in non-sterile environments or with non-sterile or blunt instruments, increasing the chance of serious infection, and sometimes even death. Other harmful effects may include severe bleeding, problems urinating, the development of cysts, sexual problems such as decreased experience of sexual pleasure and difficulty reaching orgasm, severe discomfort or pain during sexual intercourse, as well as complications in childbirth and an increased risk of newborn deaths.
- See also:
- Flower of Participation,Meaningful Youth Participation